The Regional Safety Program developed a Transportation Safety Action Plan (TSAP) that strives to plan for a transportation network without deaths or serious injuries, consistent with philosophy of the Vision Zero Network. A “Vision Zero” strategy maintains that no loss of life on the roads is acceptable, and that traffic deaths can be prevented with better planning through better policies.
While zero is the long-term goal in the NOACA region, short-term targets for reducing fatal and serious injury crashes have also been included in this plan. The TSAP is a regional safety plan that is comparable to the Ohio Department of Transportation's Strategic Highway Safety Plan (SHSP), which identifies broad objectives for the use of federal safety funding in Ohio.
The TSAP was developed using crash data for the NOACA region. The plan identifies emphasis areas where the region exhibited poor safety performance, and it identifies actions for how to make improvements. The TSAP specifically focuses on fatal and serious injury crashes to align with state and federal guidance; these two categories of crashes have the greatest impact on society and require a focused, multi-disciplinary approach to be made better.
It should be noted that achieving safety on the region’s roads is a lofty goal that will require a coordinated effort among officials at all levels of government and in the public, non-profit, and private sectors. The TSAP considers strategies involving all of the five Es of transportation safety:
- Emergency Medical Services
Along with these strategies, the TSAP includes a list of actions to be taken to implement them. Performance measures are set to track progress over time and to determine whether actions are having the desired outcomes. Five required performance measures that NOACA will monitor to report to ODOT to support the Federal Highway Administration’s Strategic Highway Safety Plan are:
- Number of Fatalities
- Rate of Fatalities per 100 Million Vehicle Miles Traveled
- Number of Serious Injuries
- Rate of Serious Injuries per 100 Million Vehicle Miles Traveled
- Number of Non-Motorized Fatalities and Non-Motorized Serious Injuries
Effective with Board Resolution 2017-051, NOACA has adopted ODOT’s safety targets of a 1% annual reduction to the rolling 5-year rolling averages for each measure. NOACA will update the data for each performance measure annually. Progress will be monitored in the State of Safety Report.
Further, NOACA will support the incorporation of safety enhancements through the Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) project selection process. TIP scoring currently takes into consideration whether the proposed project’s location is identified as a high-crash location based on the latest State of Safety Report, but soon the TIP scoring criteria will be modified to also take into consideration the potential reduction in crashes where appropriate safety countermeasures are proposed. Together, these criteria will better align selection process with reaching regional safety goals and the ultimate goal of Vision Zero.